Normal Blood Sugar, Blood Sugar Levels, Blood Sugar Monitor, How Are Glucose, Sucrose Starch Related .
This blood take a look at is taken unbiased of when you ve eaten It measures the quantity of glucose that is stuck to the hemoglobin , which accumulates over approximately 3 months Join our newsletter at present to obtain well being associated articles, .
How Do I Know If I Have Diabetes Type 2
recipes and special updates Join best selling creator and actress Melanie Avalon Blood Sugar Monitor as she interviews at present s main well being How to check my blood sugar and wellness consultants, going past the fads to convey you all of the biohacking tips Wearing a CGM lets you establish Blood sugar at 69 after having low carb breakfast Blood Sugar Monitor the foods that are not working for you and discover YOUR perfect diet The whirlwind of holiday celebrations can make you forget about your health objectives.
The significant determinants are polymorphisms of sophistication II HLA genes encoding DQ and DR4 DQ8, with DR3 DQ2, present in 90 of T1DM patients Dropping just 7 to 10 of your weight can reduce your risk of kind 2 diabetes in .
Mit Diabetes Sicher Und Rechtskonform Durch Den Stra Enverkehr
half When you take multiple drug to control your sort 2 diabetes, that s called mixture remedy You may get canagliflozin , dapagliflozin , or empagliflozin Empagliflozin has additionally confirmed effectibve in decreasing the chance Blood Sugar Monitor of hospitalization or death from heart failure.
Some people, particularly those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, might generally not expertise signs In sort 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to return on quickly and be more severe Gestational diabetes develops in pregnant women who have by no means had diabetes If you might have gestational diabetes, your child might be at higher danger for health problems Gestational diabetes often goes away after your child is born but increases your risk for sort 2 diabetes later in life Your baby is more more likely to have weight problems as a toddler or teen, and extra more likely to develop kind 2 diabetes later in life too.
All lectures are offered by high profile scientists from one the world s main universities Blood Sugar Monitor in diabetes research As the placenta grows, more of those hormones are produced, and the chance of insulin resistance turns into larger In later stages, it s necessary to begin out treatment immediately particularly if you have adjustments in your imaginative and prescient.
However, in case you Blood Sugar Monitor have sugar levels larger than that then it is an indication of diabetes Recommended blood glucose levels have a level of interpretation for every individual and you must focus on this together with your healthcare staff If you should take medications that will affect the accuracy of the readings, your health care provider could advocate double checking your CGM results with a regular blood sugar meter Check together with your health care provider about utilizing a CGM when you re pregnant, on dialysis or critically sick, as these situations may affect the blood sugar Normal Blood Sugar readings from a CGM One way to check one s personal sugar degree is by pricking a finger with a What Is Normal Blood Sugar lancet and putting the blood that comes out onto a take a look at strip, then inserting the strip into a glucose monitor.
Others require that you verify your blood sugar by running the receiver over the sensor periodically People dwelling with diabetes, particularly those with type 1 diabetes, can also select to make use of CGMs These gadgets measure your blood sugar each jiffy using Blood Sugar Monitor a sensor inserted under the pores and skin These sensors are sometimes worn for every week Blood Sugar Monitor or two earlier than they need to be modified.
A fasting Blood Sugar Monitor blood sugar degree of lower than 100 mg dL is taken into account normal in folks with out diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association Lower Blood Sugar Compare Blood Sugar Monitor your meter with a blood glucose test performed in a laboratory Take your meter with you to your next appointment along with your well being care provider Ask your Blood Sugar Monitor provider to watch your testing technique to ensure you are using the meter appropriately Ask your health care provider to have your blood examined with a laboratory technique.
New meters come available on the market all the time, so it can be .
What Is The Correct Blood Sugar Level
tricky selecting the best one It s greatest to ask your healthcare staff for advice on a meter that ll swimsuit you For some folks, finger prick testing isn t an issue and it rapidly turns into part of their normal routine For others, it could be a stressful experience, and that s completely comprehensible Knowing all .
What Can Raise Blood Sugar
the facts and speaking to other folks can help contact Blood Sugar Monitor our helpline or chat to others with diabetes on our online discussion board.
Sushruta, Arataeus, and Thomas Willis have been the early pioneers of the remedy of diabetes Greek physicians prescribed exercise ideally on horseback to alleviate extra urination Some different types of remedy applied to diabetes include wine, overfeeding to compensate for lack of fluid Symptoms Of Low Blood Sugar weight, hunger diet, etc Chief Editor Dr Mark Yorek, from the University of Iowa, is currently researching vascular and neural illness associated to weight problems and diabetes His active analysis studies give consideration to etiology, remedy and prevention of nerve damage.
About 5 of individuals who have diabetes have kind 1 diabetes, or insulin dependent diabetes Type Does testosterone raise blood sugar 1 diabetes has additionally been called juvenile Blood Sugar Levels diabetes becuse it normally develops in children and teenagers The variety of individuals with diabetes has practically quadrupled since 1980 Prevalence is growing worldwide, significantly in low and middle income nations The causes are complicated, but the rise is due in part to increases in the variety of people who are chubby, including an increase in obesity, and in a widespread lack of bodily exercise If you might have type 2 diabetes, your physique does not make or use insulin well.
A tubeless pump that works wirelessly can be now obtainable You program an insulin pump to dispense specific quantities of insulin It can be adjusted to ship kind of insulin depending on meals, activity level and blood sugar stage.
Polymorphisms have been identified to affect the risk for T1DM, together with main histocompatibility complicated and human leukocyte antigen Identify the importance of enhancing collaboration and care coordination amongst the interprofessional team to boost the delivery of take care of sufferers affected by diabetes mellitus The symptoms of sort 2 diabetes are much like these of kind 1 diabetes.
If your blood sugar is over four hundred Blood Sugar Monitor , search Blood Sugar Monitor medical consideration instantly, based on the Mayo Clinic Blood sugar over 400 mg dL may imply you Blood Sugar Monitor are vulnerable to the potentially fatal diabetic ketoacidosis If you re not in a place to examine till two hours somewhat than one hour after a meal, you should goal for under 64mmol l.
The key to selecting a blood sugar complement that works is to concentrate to the elements You should follow the dosage directions on the back of the complement bottle that you simply resolve to use Each company may have its own dosage data relying on what is of their pills and the potency of their elements Some require just one tablet a day, while others require Blood Sugar Monitor that their drugs be taken with meals If you have excessive blood sugar, there might be little or no purpose not to take a blood sugar complement Berberine can even interact with a few drugs, so it s essential to check with your physician before taking it.
I What Is A Normal Blood Sugar did my HBA1C about 3 weeks again, and the outcome was 14mmol l Well, now i ve been continuously on treatment and its presently in the range of 5 8mmol l A person with diabetes can take pleasure in all fruits be it pineapple or cherries, apples or figs even citrus fruits and grapes.
Recently, battery operated insulin pumps have been developed that might be programmed to mimic regular insulin secretion more intently A individual wearing an insulin pump still must monitor blood sugar several instances a day and regulate the dosage, and not all diabetic patients are motivated or suited to such vigilance It is hoped that in the future an implantable or exterior pump system may be perfected, containing a glucose sensor In response to information from the sensor the pump will routinely ship insulin based on changing levels of blood glucose In addition, there is evidence that train increases the variety of insulin receptor sites on the floor of cells and thus facilitates the metabolism of glucose.
For the follow up take a look at, you will be requested to fast overnight after which have your fasting blood sugar level measured Does high blood sugar make you irritable Then you .
The Liver Blood Sugar
will drink another candy resolution this one containing a better focus of glucose and your blood sugar level might be checked each hour for a period of three hours Alcohol makes your Blood Sugar Monitor blood sugar levels drop by inhibiting the liver s capability to release glucose Alcohol also creates an initial sugar spike that makes your physique process sugar Blood Sugar Monitor at the next fee, inflicting the spike in sugar to be shortly metabolized below Blood Sugar Monitor what is normal.
The process is protected and there is no risk involved for the pregnant female or the unborn fetus You also can endure an RBS take a look at in case you are lactating and breastfeeding your child These elements should be taken alongside a meal in Blood Sugar Monitor order that they work on the meals you eat.
Depending on your therapy plan, you could examine and record your blood sugar as many as four instances a day or extra typically if you re taking insulin Careful monitoring is the one way to make certain that your blood sugar level remains inside your target range People with sort 2 diabetes who aren t taking insulin usually examine Blood Sugar Monitor their blood sugar much less frequently If you ve diabetes, your healthcare supplier will work with you to personalize your goal blood sugar levels to meet your particular person well being needs.
Saturated fats ought to be limited to less than 7 of total caloric consumption, and trans fatty acids minimized A steady, constant stage of day by day exercise is prescribed, Blood Sugar Monitor and participation in a supervised train program is beneficial All folks with diabetes should check for ketones during occasions of acute sickness or stress and when blood glucose levels are consistently elevated Persistent hyperglycemia in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus can cause several complications, each acute and persistent Diabetes mellitus is among the main causes of cardiovascular disease , blindness, kidney failure, and amputation of decrease limbs Acute issues embody hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state, and hyperglycaemic diabetic coma.
Plus, you may must decrease your medication sooner or Blood Sugar Monitor later because the supplements start to take impact A surprisingly excessive percentage of the inhabitants already has prediabetes, though most of the time, How does farxiga lower blood sugar this illness goes undiagnosed This is very true if you re chubby or have medical conditions like diabetes.
If you ve an urgent problem, always contact your health care provider or a neighborhood emergency room for recommendation Follow your doctor s suggestions about how typically you take a look at your glucose You may have to test yourself several occasions every day to discover out adjustments in your food regimen or therapy If left untreated hyperglycemia could trigger the client to go into Blood Sugar Monitor a state of ketoacidosis the place the body begins to process fats to supply the power required for mobile operate This could be because of a scarcity of insulin produced by the pancreas High blood sugar can come about for a selection of causes.
Alcohol intake will increase insulin manufacturing, inflicting low blood sugar You may find it easier to choose the sous vide egg bites over the tender, berry studded cake with no icing when you re well rested Even partial sleep loss may increase the chance of weight achieve and obesity , one sugary muffin at a time.
If your blood sugar reading is over 400 mg dL, there is a chance that you ve a false studying particularly when you aren t experiencing any symptoms For instance, if there were food particles in your fingers or you used outdated or improperly stored check strips, you might have gotten an inaccurate studying The quantity Blood Sugar Levels of carbohydrates you re consuming is not balanced together with your insulin medicine dosage Without insulin, your body begins to break down fats, triggering the production of chemical compounds known as ketones, based on the ADA Diabetes has replaced each other condition to turn out to be the fastest rising lifestyle illness, globally Some people are extra inclined Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar to develop diabetes than others.
See your physician immediately if you see swelling, redness, and feel heat in your foot Neuropathy can also trigger erectile dysfunction in men and vaginal dryness in girls At the earliest signal of any of those symptoms, eat or drink one thing that can increase your blood sugar fast.
With technological development, you can connect with your CGMs wirelessly through a Bluetooth or wi fi network Such connections Blood Sugar Monitor are convenient as you can get a much bigger image of your well being stats With the assistance of this characteristic, your reviews are accessible in numerous varieties like graphs or charts, which makes it simpler to keep observe of your blood sugar ranges Do not drink large amounts, verify your blood sugar degree frequently, and eat a carbohydrate snack afterwards Most blood sugar meters allow you to save your results and you must use an app in your cellphone to track your ranges If Blood Sugar Monitor you don t have a wise telephone, maintain a written day by day record like the one in the picture.
Spontaneous bleeding from the brand new and Blood Sugar Monitor brittle blood vessels can lead to retinal scarring and retinal detachment, thus impairing imaginative and prescient The actual degree of blood sugar at which these symptoms occur varies with every particular person, however often it occurs when blood sugars are lower than 50 mg dl Untreated, severely low blood sugar levels can result in coma, seizures, and, in the worst case state of affairs, irreversible brain death Severely elevated blood sugar levels due to an actual lack of insulin Low Blood Sugar or a relative deficiency of insulin While it is mentioned that sort 2 diabetes happens principally in individuals over 30 years old and the incidence will increase with age, an alarming variety of sufferers with sort 2 diabetes are barely in Blood Sugar Monitor their teen years Most of those cases are a direct results of poor consuming habits, greater physique weight, and lack of train.
Blood sugar supplements are so easy and accessible that they are typically paired with Blood Sugar Monitor different strategies of reducing blood sugar as nicely, similar to dietary modifications and train Studies have proven that they work even higher when used alongside these other methods This blood sugar supplement incorporates many alternative components, including cinnamon, chromium, and white mulberry leaf extract Because it consists of so many different ingredients, it may be just right for you when other dietary supplements have not Perform a ketone test in case your blood sugar is above 250 mg dL 139 mmol L Test your urine for ketones using a ketosis check strip from a drugstore.
Because there are so many dietary supplements on the market that use a wide selection of components, it is potential to seek out one which works for you even when the identical old elements don t Generally, we ranked these dietary supplements decrease than others, just because it was going to be more difficult to take them correctly We also aimed to only used supplements that had been made in the USA, UK, or Australia.
Nevertheless, obesity remains to be an essential risk issue for diabetes Blood samples had been Normal Blood Sugar Level collected from all individuals after an in a single day fast of at least 10 hours Serum samples have been used for the measurements of fasting plasma glucose levels and two hour plasma glucose levels after carrying out an oral seventy five g glucose tolerance test HbA1c was measured in venous blood samples by high efficiency liquid chromatography Bio Rad VARIANT II Haemoglobin Analyzer.
It is brought on by autoimmune destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas and insufficient insulin production In kind 1a DM, antibodies in opposition to insulin, islet cells of the pancreas, or glutamic acid decarboxylase is commonly present within the blood The patient is prone to develop diabetic ketoacidosis if she or he is not Blood Sugar Monitor handled with insulin A form of type 1 diabetes often diagnosed after 30 years of age, by which there are serum antibodies against insulin, Blood Sugar Monitor pancreatic islet cells, or the protein products of these cells Most sufferers affected by LADA ultimately require insulin remedy, like sufferers with type 1 DM Is given to sufferers with diabetes mellitus as a supplement to the insufficient quantity of endogenous insulin that they produce.
FactDr doesn t present medical opinion, recommendation, analysis or Metformin 1000mg daily did not lower blood sugar therapy Some elements work for a decently long period of time These supplements could be taken in the morning and work for the the rest of the day It often takes about three months for a blood sugar complement to reach peak effectiveness It will likely begin working before then, however you in all probability won t notice the full effects until round three months of taking the supplement regularly.
Hyperosmolar syndrome is brought on by sky high blood sugar Blood Sugar Monitor that turns blood thick and syrupy Your doctor also will monitor your blood sugar level during labor If your blood sugar rises, your child could launch high ranges of insulin which may result in low blood sugar proper after delivery.
If it s too excessive, one approach to decrease it is to drink a big glass of water and train by taking a brisk stroll Call your health care group in case your blood sugar is high greater than three instances in 2 weeks and also you don t know why Read the instructions that come with your meter to learn to verify your blood sugar Your well being care group also can show you the method to use your meter Write the date, time, and results of the take a look at in your blood sugar record Take your blood sugar record and meter to every go to and talk about your outcomes together with your health care team.
This fact sheet addresses the AMP analysis plan for sort 2 diabetes If you could have diabetes, your doctor may Blood Sugar Monitor display you for despair or cognitive impairment Older adults with diabetes are at higher threat for these circumstances, compared with others their age who do not have diabetes.
To assist you to out, we ve compiled an inventory of ideas along with our favourite recipes so you can balance indulgence, tradition, and good health this year Want to encourage a liked one to take better care of themselves, but do not know the place to begin Find out tips on how to keep away from your most common headaches through the holidays, and what you can do to alleviate them in the occasion that they strike Learn the science behind hanger, why some folks suffer from it, and helpful tricks to avoid experiencing it Drinking wine sparsely can have some health benefits, but it s important to know what these are and how they might impression you.
Blood samples can also even be sourced from alternate websites such as the earlobe, heel, forearm, palm Alternate web site testing offers similar results to finger prick testing, particularly within the fasting and two hour publish meal times Using alternate websites could also be less painful however may need a deeper lance Check with the producer of the glucometer if the machine could also be used for alternate site testing When enough beta cells are gone, your pancreas stops making insulin or makes so little insulin that you want to take insulin to reside.
The numbers under represent values within the hypoglycemic vary and require motion to convey blood sugar ranges up into a normal vary If low blood sugar is extreme, individuals might need to go to the hospital to help increase their glucose degree or miss work due to the unwanted aspect effects In the short term, high blood sugar levels can zap your energy, trigger extreme thirst and urination, and blur your imaginative and prescient High blood sugar levels also can result in dehydration, dry and itchy skin, and infections.
There are two forms of transplantations that could be an possibility for a select variety of sufferers who have Type 1 diabetes However, getting an organ transplant requires taking immune suppressing drugs for the the rest of your life and coping with the side effects of these medication However, if the transplant is successful, you ll doubtless be in a position to cease taking insulin You and your healthcare supplier will decide which supply technique is right for you based in your desire, lifestyle, insulin wants and insurance plan If you need insulin, you healthcare group will discuss the totally different sorts and if they re to be combined with oral drugs Monitoring your blood glucose and blood strain ranges at house.
If you wish to learn the symptoms of excessive blood sugar levels, you ve come to the proper place Too low a level of blood sugar, a condition known as hypoglycemia, could be caused by the presence of too much insulin or by other hormone problems or liver disease A blood glucose take a look at is a blood check that screens for diabetes by measuring the extent of glucose in a person s blood Normal blood glucose stage range within 70 to 99 mg dL 39 Blood Sugar Level to 55 mmol L According to the American Diabetes Association, maintaining a wholesome weight may help cut back your threat of developing excessive blood glucose and diabetes If you re working towards a healthy weight, the ADA recommends creating a sustainable routine you ll find a way to stick to and focusing your efforts toward practical goals.
They may enhance your insulin sensitivity, which makes your body react to much less insulin This helps counteract the results of diabetes, which does the precise opposite Sometimes, these supplements could improve the amount of glucose your cells use, successfully lowering your blood sugar.
Nutrition is the largest priority in sustaining blood sugar Monitoring diet alone, though, doesn t cover every little thing you need for optimum blood sugar management Discover new exercise concepts, healthy eating recipes, make up seems, skin Lower Blood Sugar care recommendation, one of the best beauty products and ideas, tendencies, and extra from SELF SELF does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or remedy Over the years, hyperglycemia can start to impact nerve function and finally Blood Sugar Monitor trigger nerve harm, referred to as neuropathy, Dr Hatipoglu says The What Is Normal Blood Sugar most common sort of neuropathy is peripheral, based on the NIDDK, which affects the extremities.
Regularly having excessive blood sugar ranges for long durations of time may find yourself in permanent damage to parts of the body such because the eyes, nerves, kidneys and blood vessels Only a medical professional can diagnose diabetes or one other concern along with your blood sugar, so should you re concerned about your blood sugar ranges, check with a physician With kind 2 diabetes your physique does not use insulin correctly Over the time Easy blood sugar testing a patient s condition worsens as body cannot make enough insulin to maintain blood glucose at regular ranges When being examined for diabetes by a impaired fasting glycemia take a look at, blood sugar levels will normally be taken after around eight hours of fasting.
It includes cinnamon, which is a strong antioxidant that may help regulate your blood sugar ranges Drinking in excess affects your body Lower Blood Sugar s capability to supply insulin Specifically, an excessive amount of alcohol could cause irritation to the pancreas, which impairs your body s capacity Lower Blood Sugar to emit insulin To drink sparsely, stick to a minimal of Blood Sugar Monitor one to 2 drinks per day Blood Sugar Monitor at most.
This is because they are based mostly on individuals who have obtained a formal medical prognosis of diabetes However, Australian studies have proven that many people have undiagnosed diabetes For instance, half of the participants in the 1999 2000 AusDiab Study had check results indicating undiagnosed diabetes prior to taking part within the research Dunstan et al 2001 In the newer 2011 12 ABS Australian Health Survey, which collected blood glucose knowledge, 20 of collaborating adults aged 18 and over had undiagnosed diabetes previous to the survey Further research is required to look at whether or not the proportion of people with undiagnosed diabetes in Australia has decreased over time and the influence of this on the prevalence of illness in Australia.
Blood sugar levels are likely to rise with age due to a rise in insulin resistance and decrease in insulin sensitivity Blood sugar and immunity The finest time to verify blood sugar levels within the morning is correct whenever you wake up and earlier than you eat anything This offers you a glimpse of what could additionally be occurring in a single day, and it gives you a baseline for the day.
We ve got extra information about our diabetes analysis, together with extra about our method and the newest tasks we re at present funding We ve funded world class analysis into diabetes for over eighty years, so that our scientists can proceed to seek out pioneering ways to improve the lives of tens of millions residing with the condition From recommendation about what to eat, to emotional help and steerage about driving, we re right here to help you reside properly with diabetes We thank Gang Hu for his careful revision and steerage of this manuscript the members of this examine Setting 31 provinces in mainland China with nationally representative cross sectional knowledge from 2015 to 2017 Stimulates your pancreas to make and release more insulin.
You have to keep away from each hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia and maintain an HbA1c of less than 7 Cessation of both smoking and alcohol has been found efficient, together with aerobic train It can also be important to look out for indicators of malnutrition, while additionally making certain you do not experience hyperglycemia induced by a meal The use of oral pancreatic enzyme substitute remedy can typically be helpful particularly when there are problems with the digestion of fats in the physique.
They additionally comprise beta glucans that may help keep glycemic control and enhance insulin sensitivity Steel cut oats particularly have a low glycemic index and might lead to a more Blood Sugar Level even glucose response Cod liver oil Low Blood Sugar is a Vitamin D rich complement that helps glucose management by supporting the hormones that regulate insulin effectiveness in your What Is Normal Blood Sugar Level body This elevated insulin effectiveness can protect you from type 2 diabetes and might lower your hemoglobin A1C worth Prebiotic foods can play a role in lots of well being circumstances Prebiotics are a type of non digestible fiber Blood Sugar Monitor that are commonly found in many various foods.
In common, you prick your finger with a lancet to get a drop of blood Then you place the blood on a disposable check strip that is inserted in your meter The check strip contains chemical substances that react with glucose Some meters measure the amount of electricity that passes via the take a look at strip In the us, meters report ends in milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood, or mg dl Clients current with signs of confusion, sweating, tachycardia, blurred vision, feeling lightheaded, being clumsy, or may have seizures.
Participants who consumed alcohol with meals exhibited a 14 per cent lower risk of type 2 diabetes in comparability with consuming alcohol with out consuming meals Study participants who consumed alcohol with meals exhibited a 14 Blood Sugar Monitor per cent lower risk of type 2 diabetes compared to consuming alcohol without consuming food The course is one of the best, I learnt so much, a wonderful Blood Sugar Monitor refresher and Brilliant update on latest therapies Approximately three to eight pc of all pregnant ladies in the United States are diagnosed with gestational diabetes When the body loses What Is The Normal Blood Sugar Level the ability to make insulin How to lower a blood sugar spike or can only make a very small quantity of insulin.
Heart, mind, kidneys, and muscles are among a number of principal organs of our physique which are dependent on a continuing supply of glucose to operate optimally Because of this, it s essential to use these supplements by themselves If you re on some sort of different diabetic medicine, you must work closely together with your physician to make use of the right dosages Your diabetic treatment might must be lowered as you utilize these dietary supplements as well, so be certain to Blood Sugar Monitor mention that you re taking them to your doctor In some circumstances, the supplements we included in our evaluate can also allow you to shed weight Many declare to improve your metabolic fee, which may improve the number of calories you burn day by day.
This is the beginning of gaining a deeper understanding of how you can live a more healthy life with all of the instruments, well being ideas, and Normal Blood Sugar Level food ideas you need Wherever you re at along with your diabetes, .
No Symptoms At All
know that you ve options and that you just don t have to be held back Symptoms include excessive excretion of urine , thirst , fixed hunger, weight reduction, imaginative and prescient changes, and fatigue Type 1 diabetes previously often known as insulin dependent, juvenile or childhood onset is characterized by poor insulin manufacturing and requires daily administration of insulin In 2017 there were 9 million individuals with sort 1 diabetes nearly all of them live in high income countries.
In addition to that, we might help ensure that all students have skilled staff available who can acknowledge and deal with high and low blood sugar and administer emergency glucagon Type 2 diabetes formerly called non insulin dependent, or adult onset results from the body s ineffective use of insulin More than 95 of individuals with diabetes have type 2 diabetes This type of diabetes is basically the results of excess body weight and physical inactivity.